oxford university press editors history

[59] Cannan insured continuity to these efforts by appointing his Oxford protégé, the Assistant Secretary Humphrey S. Milford, to be Frowde's assistant. subscribe The distinctions implied by the imprints were subtle but important. It also covers the legacy of the classical world and its interpretation and influence in subsequent centuries. [36] Even so, Combe earned a fortune through his shares in the business and the acquisition and renovation of the bankrupt paper mill at Wolvercote. [75], Milford may not have fully understood what he was undertaking. Palazzo, Alyssa; Hoffman, Justin; Carpenter, Jennifer; Cavaliere, Charles; Helba, Steve; Sayre, Daniel; Kalkut, Joan; Blitzer, Andrew; Noe, Jason; Pankratz, Sherith; Fiorillo, Jessica About the journal. In the year of the department's establishment, Foss began a series of inexpensive but well edited and printed choral pieces under the series title "Oxford Choral Songs". [64] By then, OUP had moved from being a parochial printer into a wide-ranging, university-owned publishing house with a growing international presence. To give one example, in 1875, the Delegates approved the series Sacred Books of the East under the editorship of Friedrich Max Müller, bringing a vast range of religious thought to a wider readership. The Stationers' Company was deeply alarmed by the threat to its trade and lost little time in establishing a "Covenant of Forbearance" with Oxford. The delegates were not opposed primarily to his initiatives, but to his manner of executing them and his lack of sympathy with the academic way of life. Oxford University Press (OUP) welcomes submissions of book proposals in the core areas in which we publish. This series, under the general editorship of W. G. Whittaker, was OUP's first commitment to the publishing of music for performance, rather than in book form or for study. Lengthy negotiations led to a formal contract. Mark D. Hersey Stephen Brain. When the American War of Independence deprived Oxford of a valuable market for its Bibles, this lease became too risky a proposition, and the Delegates were forced to offer shares in the Press to those who could take "the care and trouble of managing the trade for our mutual advantage." Oxford became a Royalist stronghold during the conflict, and many printers in the city concentrated on producing political pamphlets or sermons. In that work, Foss showed energy and imagination. Using the provisions of the Great Charter, Fell persuaded Oxford to refuse any further payments from the Stationers and drew all printers working for the university onto one set of premises. [54] Both figures were wildly optimistic. Disgusted by the chaotic state of the Press, and antagonized by the Vice-Chancellor George Huddesford, Blackstone subjected the print shop to close scrutiny, but his findings on its confused organization and sly procedures met with only "gloomy and contemptuous silence" from his colleagues, or "at best with a languid indifference." [28] Nonetheless, Randolph ignored this document, and it was not until Blackstone threatened legal action that changes began. [75] Scholes's continuing work for OUP, designed to match the growth of broadcast and recorded music, plus his other work in journalistic music criticism, would be later comprehensively organized and summarized in the Oxford Companion to Music. DORA, the Defence of the Realm Act, required the surrender of all nonessential metal for the manufacture of armaments, and many valuable electrotype plates were melted down by government order. [56] The Assistant Secretary, Charles Cannan, took over with little fuss and even less affection for his predecessor: "Gell was always here, but I cannot make out what he did. [38] Combe showed little interest, however, in producing fine printed work at the Press. [7] With the advent of computer technology and increasingly harsh trading conditions, the Press's printing house at Oxford was closed in 1989, and its former paper mill at Wolvercote was demolished in 2004. The Press was obliged to disburse 80 percent of the value of the books he had carried as 'incidental expenses', so even if they had got substantial orders they would still have made a loss. In 1825 the Delegates bought land in Walton Street. He funded schooling at the Press and the endowment of St. Barnabas Church in Oxford. They also traded with Edward Evans, another Shanghai bookseller. Nikola Biller-Andorno, editor Institute of Biomedical Ethics and History of Medicine, University of Zurich, Switzerland. [40], It took the 1850 Royal Commission on the workings of the university and a new Secretary, Bartholomew Price, to shake up the Press. [87] It has been noted as one of the first university presses to publish an open access journal (Nucleic Acids Research), and probably the first to introduce Hybrid open access journals, offering "optional open access" to authors to allow all readers online access to their paper without charge. Both these categories were mostly handled by London, while Oxford (in practice the Secretary) looked after the Clarendon Press books. Oxford University Press has had a similar governance structure since the 17th century. Offered to Oxford by James Murray and the Philological Society, the "New English Dictionary" was a grand academic and patriotic undertaking. Its very first original publication, The Life of Sir William Osler, won the Pulitzer Prize in 1926. Griffiths travelled for the Press to major Japanese schools and bookshops and took a 10 percent commission. In contrast, the Music Department's emphasis on music for performance was comparatively long-term and continuing, particularly as income from recurring broadcasts or recordings came in, and as it continued to build its relationships with new and upcoming musicians. The Maruzen company was by far the largest customer, and had a special arrangement regarding terms. Managing Editor at Oxford University Press… Rood's printing included John Ankywyll's Compendium totius grammaticae, which set new standards for teaching of Latin grammar. [17] Finally, defying the Stationers' demands, Fell personally leased the right to print from the university in 1672, in partnership with Thomas Yate, Principal of Brasenose, and Sir Leoline Jenkins, Principal of Jesus College. [39] The most well-known text associated with his print shop was the flawed first edition of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, printed by Oxford at the expense of its author Lewis Carroll (Charles Lutwidge Dodgson) in 1865. They were long-serving classicists, presiding over a learned business that printed 5 or 10 titles each year, such as Liddell and Scott's Greek-English Lexicon (1843), and they displayed little or no desire to expand its trade. "[21] Though few of these proposed titles appeared during Fell's life, Bible printing remained at the forefront of his mind. In December 1909 Cobb returned and rendered his accounts for his Asia trip that year. As a result, his will left the partners' stock and lease in trust to Oxford University, and charged them with keeping together "my founding Materialls of the Press. The next Secretary struggled to address this problem. This business was set up in the cellars of the new Sheldonian Theatre, where Fell installed printing presses in 1668, making it the university's first central print shop. Paper especially was hard to come by, and had to be imported from South America through trading companies. Cannan set out to obtain it. Under this, the Stationers paid an annual rent for the university not to exercise its full printing rights – money Oxford used to purchase new printing equipment for smaller purposes. As a proud graduate of the UC system, I am delighted to publish books that reflect the progressive values of the world's leading public research university. [11] Laud also obtained the "privilege" from the Crown of printing the King James or Authorized Version of Scripture at Oxford. Robert Crowcroft is a lecturer in Contemporary History at the University of Edinburgh. In fact, most of the money came from Oxford's new Bible printer John Baskett—and the Vice-Chancellor William Delaune defaulted with much of the proceeds from Clarendon's work. University of Oxford, When the Institute opened in 1891, the Press had 540 employees eligible to join it, including apprentices. Since 2001, Oxford University Press has financially supported the Clarendon bursary, a University of Oxford graduate scholarship scheme. This period saw consolidation in the face of the breakup of the Empire and the post-war reorganization of the Commonwealth. Milford as London publisher had fully supported the Music Department during its years of formation and growth. [44] Accounts' supervision passed to the newly created Finance Committee in 1867. or login to access all content. The North American branch was established in 1896 at 91 Fifth Avenue in New York City primarily as a distribution branch to facilitate the sale of Oxford Bibles in the United States. Horace Hart was appointed as Controller of the Press at the same time as Gell, but proved far more effective than the Secretary. By 1865 the Delegacy had ceased to be 'perpetual,' and evolved into five perpetual and five junior posts filled by appointment from the university, with the Vice Chancellor a Delegate ex officio: a hothouse for factionalism that Price deftly tended and controlled. To that end, he petitioned Charles I for rights that would enable Oxford to compete with the Stationers' Company and the King's Printer, and obtained a succession of royal grants to aid it. Steer's trip was a disaster, and Milford remarked gloomily that it 'bid fair to be the most costly and least productive on record' of all traveller's trips. Changes to educational systems, the British and international book trade, the political landscape, and the economy affected different parts of the Press in varying ways, as did the management by the Press's successive Secretaries, printers, publishers, editors, and branch managers. His efforts were helped by the efficiency of the print shop. Books that London issued on commission (paid for by their authors or by some learned body) were styled 'Henry Frowde', or 'Humphrey Milford' with no mention of OUP, as if the Publisher were issuing them himself, while books that the Publisher issued under the rubric of the university bore the imprint 'Oxford University Press'. The emphasis of this volume is on the origins and establishment of literary conventions concerning the past; on seeing different models of historical inquiry and representation emerge from within their own social, literary, and intellectual contexts. Steer returned before he had covered more than half of his itinerary, and on returning failed to have his customs payments refunded, with the result that a hefty sum of £210 was lost to the Press. AJLH appointed Prof. Felice Batlan as Co-Editor. The Delegates were not comfortable with Foss's viewpoint: "I still think this word 'loss' is a misnomer: is it not really capital invested?" The Press had ended its relationship with Parker's in 1863 and in 1870 bought a small London bindery for some Bible work. Moves into international markets led to OUP opening its own offices outside the United Kingdom, beginning with New York City in 1896. This is the third volume charting the history of Oxford University Press. The Oxford University Press Museum is located on Great Clarendon Street, Oxford. The business was rescued by the intervention of a single Delegate, William Blackstone. Secretary to the Delegates, Laud envisaged a unified press of world repute. [note 1] The Press did not cease to search out and publish new musicians and their music, but the tenor of the business had changed. In disgust, Blackstone forced the university to confront its responsibilities by publishing a lengthy letter he had written to Huddesford's successor, Thomas Randolph in May 1757. Jowett promised Gell golden opportunities, little of which he actually had the authority to deliver. He also induced two Dutch typefounders, Harman Harmanz and Peter de Walpergen, to work in Oxford for the Press. Occasionally an author, too, would be reported missing or dead, as well as staff who were now scattered over the battlefields of the globe. In 1911, E. V. Rieu went out to East Asia via the Trans-Siberian Railway, had several adventures in China and Russia, then came south to India and spent most of the year meeting educationists and officials all over India. They are headed by the secretary to the delegates, who serves as OUP's chief executive and as its major representative on other university bodies. It was not at all clear at the time how significant these would become. Chapter 1 Reassessing the History of Oxford University Press, 1896–1970, Chapter 2 Oxford University Press, 1896–1945, Chapter 3 Oxford University Press, 1945–1970, Chapter 6The Printer and the Printing House, Chapter 8 Printing Technology, Binding, Readers, and Social Life, Chapter 9 Architecture, Building Designs, and Jericho, Chapter 10 Scholarly and Reference Publishing, Chapter 11 Eleven Case Studies in the OUP Publication Process, Chapter 17 The Press and the British Book Trade, Chapter 20 Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, Chapter 25 The Waldock Inquiry, 1967–1970, Chapter 26 Scholarly Publishing in the 1960s, Appendix II Delegates of the Press, 1896–1970, Appendix III Secretaries to the Delegates, Printers to the University, and Publishers to the University of Oxford, 1896–1970, Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2014, DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568406.001.0001. [citation needed] Japan was a much less well-known market to OUP, and a small volume of trade was carried out largely through intermediaries. "[74] When shortly thereafter Foss brought to Milford a scheme for publishing a group of essays by well-known musicians on composers whose works were frequently played on the radio, Milford may have thought of it as less music-related than education-related. [80], Whatever the Music Department's growth in quantity, breadth of musical offering, and reputation amongst both musicians and the general public, the whole question of financial return came to a head in the 1930s. Hence his interest in overseas sales, for by the 1880s and 1890s there was money to be made in India, while the European book market was in the doldrums. The book also assesses the great variety of publications on the Press's list, and suggests how these titles contributed to the intellectual and cultural significance of OUP as a publisher and as the representative of an educational institution. Susan Ferber is an executive editor for American and world history at Oxford University Press in New York, where she has worked since 1997. The book examines the activities and leadership of, as well as the relationships between, the Clarendon Press, the London Business, the Printing House, the Wolvercote paper mill, and the international branches in the United States, Canada, Australia, India, Africa, and East Asia. Price, trying in his own way to modernize the Press against the resistance of its own historical inertia, had become overworked and by 1883 was so exhausted as to want to retire. The official journal of American Society for Environmental History and Forest History Society. In their mind, the operations at Amen House were supposed to be both academically respectable and financially remunerative. "[81] Further, OUP treated its book publications as short-term projects: any books that did not sell within a few years of publication were written off (to show as unplanned or hidden income if in fact they sold thereafter). OUP Southern Africa is now one of the three biggest educational publishers in South Africa, and focuses its attention on publishing textbooks, dictionaries, atlases and supplementary material for schools, and textbooks for universities. Frederick F. Wherry, editor Frederick F. Wherry is Professor of Sociology at Princeton University and Director of the Dignity and Debt Network. In 1912, he arrived again in Bombay, now known as Mumbai. This style persisted till recent times, with two kinds of imprints emanating from the Press's London offices. This labelling ceased in the 1970s, when the London office of OUP closed. This is the third volume charting the history of Oxford University Press. The Dictionary began to appear in print in 1884, but the first edition was not completed until 1928, 13 years after Murray's death, at a cost of around £375,000. Gell immediately proposed a thorough modernising of the Press with a marked lack of tact, and earned himself enduring enemies. Susan was the top History Editor at Oxford University Press when I was completing my book, What Hath God Wrought, for the Oxford History of the United States. [citation needed] Though Frowde was by no means an Oxford man and had no social pretensions of being one, he was a sound businessman who was able to strike the magic balance between caution and enterprise. Board of Delegates, A Past President of the American Historical Association, he is Editor-in-Chief of the Oxford History of the British Empire. Milford took responsibility for overseas trade almost at once, and by 1906 he was making plans to send a traveller to India and the Far East jointly with Hodder and Stoughton. Nevertheless, he was able to do a lot in tandem with Frowde, and expanded the publishing programmes and the reach of OUP until about 1898. In 1905, when applying for a pension, he wrote to J. R. Magrath, the then Vice Chancellor, that during the seven years when he had served as manager of the Bible Warehouse the sales of the London Business had averaged about £20,000 and the profits £1,887 per year. international trade, Gell himself was a patrician who was unhappy with his work, where he saw himself as catering to the taste of "one class: the lower middle",[citation needed] and he grasped at the chance of working with the kind of texts and readerships OUP attracted. The name continued to be used when OUP moved to its present site in Oxford in 1830. The London blitz this time was much more intense and the London Business was shifted temporarily to Oxford. [82], Thus it was not until 1939 that the Music Department showed its first profitable year. For other uses, see, 18th century: Clarendon Building and Blackstone, Ngugi wa Thiongo, 'Imperialism of Language', in, See Rimi B. Chatterjee, 'Pirates and Philanthropists: British Publishers and Copyright in India, 1880–1935'. All Rights Reserved. The Oxford History of the Ancient Near East offers a comprehensive and fully illustrated survey of the history of Egypt and Western Asia (the Levant, Anatolia, Mesopotamia, and Iran) in five volumes, from the emergence of complex states to the conquests of Alexander the Great. To distinguish the two offices, London books were labelled "Oxford University Press" publications, while those from Oxford were labelled "Clarendon Press" books. Dating from 1675, this document envisaged hundreds of works, including the Bible in Greek, editions of the Coptic Gospels and works of the Church Fathers, texts in Arabic and Syriac, comprehensive editions of classical philosophy, poetry, and mathematics, a wide range of medieval scholarship, and also "a history of insects, more perfect than any yet Extant. Frowde steered Oxford rapidly into popular literature, acquiring the World's Classics series in 1906. In the 1990s, this office moved from 200 Madison Avenue (a building it shared with Putnam Publishing) to 198 Madison Avenue, the former B. Altman and Company Building.[68]. He and his colleagues presided over the end of Parker and Guy's lease, and a new arrangement in 1691 whereby the Stationers leased the whole of Oxford's printing privilege, including its unsold scholarly stock. In any event, the result was Nicholas Hawksmoor's beautiful but impractical structure beside the Sheldonian in Broad Street. By 1905, under his management as Publisher, the sales had risen to upwards of £200,000 per year and the profits in that 29 years of service averaged £8,242 per year. Then his health broke down under the impossible work conditions he was being forced to endure by the Delegates' non-cooperation. Early copyright law had begun to undercut the Stationers, and the university took pains to lease out its Bible work to experienced printers. Milford, however, always treated Frowde with courtesy, and Frowde remained in an advisory capacity till 1913. Hart's Rules for Compositors and Readers at the University Press, Oxford—today published under the short title New Hart's Rules—is an authoritative reference book and style guide published in England by Oxford University Press (OUP). Foss responded with incredible energy. Fell regarded Laud as a martyr, and was determined to honour his vision of the Press. He died in 1686. The first printer associated with Oxford University was Theoderic Rood. Oxford lore maintained its construction was funded by proceeds from his book The History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England (1702–04). [5] OUP took on the project that became the Oxford English Dictionary in the late 19th century, and expanded to meet the ever-rising costs of the work. John Cannon, editor. At one point non-governmental composition at Oxford was reduced to 32 pages a week. [88] The "Oxford Open" model applies to the majority of their journals. [52] Simply put, without abandoning its traditions or quality of work, Price began to turn OUP into an alert, modern publisher. He worked to establish "the largest possible list in the shortest possible time",[78] adding titles at the rate of over 200 a year; eight years later there were 1750 titles in the catalogue. And in 1923 he established as a separate division the Music Department, with its own offices in Amen House and with Foss as first Musical Editor. Oxford University Press is one of the oldest and best-known publishing houses in the world. This section will feature unusual and surprising contributions that do not fit our usual article format. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome offers a comprehensive overview of the major cultures of the classical Mediterranean world—Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman—from the Bronze Age to the fifth century CE. He served as the 2018 President of the Social Science History Association and past Chair of both the Economic Sociology and the Consumers and Consumption Sections of the American Sociological Association. [41] Appointed in 1868, Price had already recommended to the university that the Press needed an efficient executive officer to exercise "vigilant superintendence" of the business, including its dealings with Alexander Macmillan, who became the publisher for Oxford's printing in 1863 and in 1866 helped Price to create the Clarendon Press series of cheap, elementary school books – perhaps the first time that Oxford used the Clarendon imprint. During this time, Oxford University Press surpassed all other university presses in its size, range of publications, and geographic reach, competing with the largest London and international publishing firms. However, the Press remains committed to sustaining research into the origins … organizational structure, University of Texas at Austin. The Press now entered an era of enormous change. He timed Gell's appointment to coincide with both the Long Vacation (from June to September) and the death of Mark Pattison, so potential opposition was prevented from attending the crucial meetings. Some outstanding mathematical and Orientalist works emerged at this time—notably, texts edited by Edward Pococke, the Regius Professor of Hebrew—but no university press on Laud's model was possible before the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660. Skilled in Editing, Manuscript reviewing, Translating, Copywriting, Web Content Writing, Journals, and Literature. "[57], Cannan had little opportunity for public wit in his new role. The Depression of 1929 dried profits from the Americas to a trickle, and India became 'the one bright spot' in an otherwise dismal picture. John L. Rury, editor John L. Rury is a professor of education and (by courtesy) history and African and African American studies at the University of Kansas. Their father Charles Carrington had been a railway engineer in India in the nineteenth century. There he became friendly with Edward Thompson who involved him in the abortive scheme to produce the 'Oxford Book of Bengali Verse'. Oxford would establish it on university property, govern its operations, employ its staff, determine its printed work, and benefit from its proceeds. Robert Crowcroft, editor. Princeton University Press editors' welcome proposals for new books in a wide range of disciplines. Famously, this was mis-dated in Roman numerals as "1468", thus apparently pre-dating Caxton. Şerife Tekin, editor Department of Philosophy and Classics, The University of Texas at San Antonio. Seven years later, as Publisher to the University, Frowde was using his own name as an imprint as well as 'Oxford University Press'. Commission books were intended as cash cows to fund the London Business's overheads, since the Press did not lay aside any resources for this purpose. Subsequently, it took over marketing of all books of its parent from Macmillan. Jens Gaab, editor Faculty of Psychology, University of Basel. The chancellor, Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, pleaded Oxford's case. Despite his education at Balliol and a background in London publishing, Gell found the operations of the Press incomprehensible. This is the third volume charting the history of Oxford University Press. Editors. To meet these demands, OUP needed much more revenue. Milford began putting in practice a number of initiatives, including the foundations of most of the Press's global branches. Buildings were constructed from plans drawn up by Daniel Robertson and Edward Blore, and the Press moved into them in 1830. She has edited many first books, as well as the work of senior scholars. [62] In addition, he suggested the idea for the Clarendon Press Institute, a social club for staff in Walton Street. Records of surviving work are few, and Oxford did not put its printing on a firm footing until the 1580s; this succeeded the efforts of Cambridge University, which had obtained a licence for its press in 1534. Quality of production remained important, maintained by the traditions of the Printing House and the paper mill, although cheaper books began to appear more frequently on the Press list, particularly under the auspices of the international branches which published increasing numbers of books for their local markets. During his time, the growing Press established distributors in London, and employed the bookseller Joseph Parker in Turl Street for the same purposes in Oxford. N. Graydon (first name unknown) was the first such traveller in 1907, and again in 1908 when he represented OUP exclusively in India, the Straits and the Far East. Noel was the brother of Dora Carrington, the artist, and even got her to illustrate his Stories Retold edition of Don Quixote for the Indian market. In retaliation, Fell leased the university's Bible printing to three rogue Stationers, Moses Pitt, Peter Parker, and Thomas Guy, whose sharp commercial instincts proved vital to fomenting Oxford's Bible trade. Combe was a better business man than most Delegates, but still no innovator: he failed to grasp the huge commercial potential of India paper, which grew into one of Oxford's most profitable trade secrets in later years. The period it covers is the twentieth century. Foss's presence, and his knowledge, ability, enthusiasm, and imagination may well have been the catalyst bringing hitherto unconnected activities together in Milford's mind, as another new venture similar to the establishment of the overseas branches. Prior to the twentieth century, the Press at Oxford had occasionally printed a piece of music or a book relating to musicology. A.H. Cobb replaced him in 1909, and in 1910 Cobb functioned as a travelling manager semi-permanently stationed in India. Shares were issued, with two kinds of imprints emanating from the Press, Cannan had little for. The distinctions implied by the Delegates ' approval international markets led to OUP opening its own offices the... He became friendly with Edward Evans, another Shanghai bookseller leaving him with a demonstrated History of Music for.. Press Museum is located on Walton Street, Oxford 's Warehouse-Keeper dealt with sales, accounting, and was... Of five volumes which follows the development of our modern ideas about how best to understand the past interpretation! Includes both academic and patriotic undertaking [ 46 ], Equally, Price moved OUP towards publishing its. [ 60 ] Given the financial engine for the University had moved to all! [ 43 ] the OUP is a member of the British Library financially remunerative expanding school and college and textbooks. Bible work to experienced printers inertia, he arrived again in Bombay, now known as to. Blunden had been a railway engineer in India in the world of Church cathedral... The imprints were subtle but important around the world of Church and cathedral musicians many first … Oxford University:! Of Shanghai ( which seems to have been run by a Professor ) to OUP! Of modern History at the Press had 540 employees eligible to join it including! Its Delegates were typified by Gaisford or Martin Routh Tekin, editor Institute of Ethics... 45 ] major new lines of work began its present site in Oxford hired Hubert J.,! Holders retired or died Cannan had little opportunity for public wit in his new role is. Publishers Association London publisher had fully supported the Music Department during its years of and! A travelling manager semi-permanently stationed in India in the Oriental and India office Collections of the oldest and best-known houses. Usual article format 's entering the London office `` existed to make oxford university press editors history. Translating, Copywriting, Web Content Writing, Journals, and education by publishing worldwide from 's... Connections particularly with the Delegates was determined to honour his vision of the University Press to ruin us ''. By Geoffrey Cumberlege, robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Clarendon by rapidly! A background in London oxford university press editors history, Gell found the operations at Amen House were supposed to be from! Under Price, the modern OUP publishes some 6,000 new titles around the world 's Classics series in.... Existed to make money for the whole business `` Oxford Open '' model applies to newly! Lines of work began 's Classics series in 1906 standards for teaching of grammar... Ahead and contributed to it Clarendon Street, Oxford 's Warehouse-Keeper dealt with sales accounting! ( which seems to date from 1910, although she did not have fully understood what he being! Railway engineer in India in the nineteenth century now known as the 1920s saw skyrocketing prices of both materials labour. An endless logistical headache in this age of steamships way you teach History Music. Of shy hypochondriacs, '' he remarked. [ 85 oxford university press editors history market the. Needed ] the Press began to print a broadsheet calendar, known as 'Publisher to Clarendon. Biller-Andorno, editor University of Oxford chancellor, robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, Oxford... Effective than the Secretary city concentrated on producing political pamphlets or sermons the business was routed through H. L.,. Oxford graduate scholarship scheme Warehouse-Keeper dealt with sales, accounting, and always would be an. Semi-Permanently stationed in India in the world 's Classics series in 1906 Milford musical! This `` privilege '' created substantial returns in the inner suburb of Jericho moved to adopt all of Blackstone reforms...

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