. The cousin of Aiolos (Aeolus) Hippotades (son of Hippotes) [ god of the winds]. 189 ff (trans. . Hesiod, Theogony 265 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : 286 ff (trans. When swift Iris, fleet of foot as the wind, had heard all this, she set to run; and quickly finishing all the distance she came to the home of the gods, sheer Olympos, and forthwith called Eileithyia out from the hall to the door and spoke winged words to her, telling her all as the goddesses who dwell on Olympos had bidden her. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) 1 Myth 2 Parents 3 Siblings 4 Gallery She was born to a Titan sea god, Thaumos and his wife, Elektra an Oceanid, she is twin sister to Arke, both of whom … ", Callimachus, Hymn 4 to Delos 62 & 153 ff (trans. She was a role model for women, was a principal deity in rites for the dead, and cured the sick. She was often described as the handmaiden and personal messenger of Hera. ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 14. She is the daughter of the oceanid Elektra, a cloud nymph, and sea god Thaumus. [She then relays the warning from Zeus.] IRIS- was the Greek goddess of rainbows, but also served as messenger. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Aristophanes, Birds 574 (trans. She mounted the chariot and beside her entering Iris gathered the reins up and whipped them into a run, and they winged their way unreluctant. Iris, who was an expert at trouble-making, put off now her heavenly mien and raiment, went quickly amongst them and joined the group of Trojan matrons, transformed into the likeness of Beroe : ‘[And persuaded the Roman maidens set fire to the ships] . "And Iris, hearing his [Akhilleus' (Achilles')] prayer [for winds to fire the pyre of his beloved Patroklos (Patroclus)] . 188 ff : Her name combined the Greek words for “messenger” and “the rainbow” to signify her dual role. She found him on the slopes of nuptial Orkhomenos (Orchomenus) . 27, xvii. She was usually depicted standing beside Zeus or Hera, sometimes serving nectar from her jug. . . Rouse not the wrath of the gods, for it is terrible indeed. "[Hera] bids her own Iris gird herself with her wonted circles . . Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 1. Pisthetairos : Here! Pearse) (Greek mythographer C1st to C2nd A.D.) : Homeric Hymn 2 to Demeter 315 ff (trans. So he commanded. It is a fine thing when a messenger is conscious of justice.’", Homer, Iliad 18. Zeus whose purposes are infinite calls you.’ . Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C7th or 6th B.C.) As Goddess of the rainbow she joined the human realm to the place of the Gods. 829 (trans. to C1st A.D.) : 138 ff (trans. (She pauses in her flight.) [came] a messenger of the heavenly ones, Iris.". Goddess of the Rainbow Iris flies on the wind and moves like a blast of bright air. Sokrates (Socrates) : Let us inquire what thought men had in giving them [the gods] their names . ", Plato, Cratylus 400d & 408c ff (trans. .’ Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. . .’ Iris : I? "First he [Zeus] sent golden-winged Iris to call rich-haired Demeter, lovely in form [to return to the gods on Olympos]. (Il. Homer uses the form aellopos. "Father Zeus sent Iris to the divine halls of Rheia, to inform wakethefray Dionysos, that he must drive out of Asia with his avenging thyrsus the proud race of Indians untaught of justice: he was to sweep from the sea the horned son of a river, Deriades the king, and teach all nations the sacred dances of the vigil and the purple fruit of vintage. ‘Go,’ he says, ‘let Alcides [Herakles] . ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 20. She is able to change shapes and when delivering messages to mortals Iris assumes the appearance of a mortal known to those who receive the message. ", Homer, Iliad 24. Mozley) (Roman poetry C1st A.D.) : Nonnus, Dionysiaca 2. . Apollon mastered Delphyne [Python], and then he came to live in the sky. Last of all, she went to Aiolos, the famous son of Hippotas, and when she had given him too her message, she rested her swift limbs, the errand done. Fairbanks) (Greek rhetorician C3rd A.D.) : Her Roman equivalent is Discordia, which means "discord". Greek Lyric I) (Greek lyric C6th B.C.) Then goddess Iris returned flying at speed and hastened to deliver her welcome message to her queen.". At these words, Iris goldenwing flew away peering through the air . xiv. As a goddess, Iris is associated with communication, messages, the rainbow, and new endeavors. Iris daughter of Thaumas]. In this man's likeness Iris the swift-running spoke to them : ‘Old sir, dear to you forever are words beyond number as once, when there was peace; but now stintless war has arisen. 2 ff : Müller, Aegin. There is often much art, such as vases and murals, shown of her because she is worshiped and very beautiful. ", Statius, Thebaid 10. : 200 ff (trans. "The wife of Zephyros (West-Wind), Iris (Rainbow), the messenger of Zeus . Rheia unsmiling beckoned, and the Korybantes (Corybantes) served her beside the bowl of the divine table. Aen. ", Homer, Iliad 3. ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 1. Even though Iris is a Greek Goddess, Iris mentioned that she was deciding between Taoism and Buddhism as a religion. Iris is the Ancient Greek Goddess of rainbows, also associated with the sea, the sky, colours, oaths and heraldry, she is a messenger to the Gods, later joined in this position by Hermes, more specifically, Iris is the handmaiden and personal messenger of Hera. 138 ff (trans. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Nonnus, Dionysiaca 13. In Hesiod’s works, at least, she had the additional duty of carrying water from the River Styx in a ewer whenever the gods had to take a solemn oath. . v. 610) Iris appears as a virgin goddess; but according to later writers, she was married to Zephyrus, and became by him the mother of Eros. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 8. She stood bowing low, and bent down her head to kiss Rheia’s feet with suppliant lips. : Rainbow Generation: She is able to create or generate rainbows. Iris' mother was Electra, an Oceanid. Some legends also hold she used her pitcher to collect water from the River Styx, the shadowy river separating the world of human beings from the underworld. She was the handmaiden to Hera and served nectar to the Gods. "[Jupiter-Zeus] sends down swift Iris (the Rainbow) on her rosy cloud. ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 26. Turnus recognised her divinity, raised his two hands heavenwards, and sent these words after the fleeting goddess : ‘Iris, glory of the sky, who was it conveyed you, cloud-borne, down to me here on earth?’". 170.) Iris [like Hermes] also seems to have got her name from eirein, because she is a messenger. Then Iris changed her shape, and all unseen she put on the look of dark Nyx unrecognisable. Leader of the Chorus [of Birds] : Scan all sides with your glance. . 78, 95, ii. . 397 ff : Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C7th - 4th B.C.) Photokinesis: As the Goddess of the Rainbow, Iris has the divine authority and absolute control over rainbow. Next, go to Aiolos (Aeolus), king of the sky-born winds, and to him too convey my wishes, which are that he should order all the winds of heaven to cease . Iris : By which gate? Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : IRIS (Iris), a daughter of Thaumas (whence she is called Thaumantias, Virg. : Plato, Theaetetus 155d (trans. where, where, are you flying to? She wore wings on her shoulders and usually carried a pitcher in one hand. . I shall send more than six hundred porphyrions (water-hens) clothed in leopards' skins up to heaven against him; and formerly a single Porphyrion [the giant-king that attacked heaven] gave him enough to do. First of all, Nike (Victory) flies with golden wings, Eros (Love) is undoubtedly winged too, and Iris is compared by Homer to a timorous dove. In legends, she carries symbolic associations with messages and communication. She is sibling to Arke, Aello, Celaeno, and Ocypete. ", Cicero, De Natura Deorum 3. Now as they came to sheer Olympos, the place of the immortals, there swift Iris the wind-footed reined in her horses and slipped them from the yoke and threw fodder immortal before them. "Yet even with Heaven against them [the Boreades], the long chase would certainly have ended with their tearing the Harpyai (Harpies) to pieces when they overtook them at the Ekhinades (Echidnades), but for Iris of the swift feet, who when she saw them leapt down from Olympos through the sky and checked them with these words : ‘Sons of Boreas, you may not touch the Harpyai with your swords: they are the hounds of almighty Zeus. : ", Statius, Silvae 3. 352 ff : ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 47. Iris, glory of the sky, cloud-borne. went swiftly as messenger to the Winds for him. Iris is the Goddess of rainbows. : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 4. . Iris, spreading her light pinions, swooped down from Olympos and cleft the air. "The winged Arcadian [Hermes] is the messenger of supreme Jove [Zeus]; Juno [Hera] hath power over the rain-bringing Thaumantian [Iris the rainbow]. "Now Thaumas married a daughter of deep-running Okeanos (Oceanus), Elektra (Electra), and she bore him swift-footed Iris, the rainbow. . . Still resentful of your divine birth, she sent her messenger Iris on an evil errand, mingling treacherous persuasion with craft, to bewitch you and deceive your mind; and she gave her an impious poleaxe, that she might hand it to the king of Arabia, Lykourgos (Lycurgus), Dryas' son. . Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. Just you listen and keep quiet! Come, lift the thyrsus of battle in your hands, and earnheaven by your deeds. Faliscan Red Figure Vase Painting C4th B.C. 1. Greek Lyric I) (Greek lyric C6th B.C.) Athenian Black Figure Vase Painting C6th B.C. . 467 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) . . . I believe it was a great match for company culture, that brings together people to communicate, create, and change the world. ", Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 4. As those times when out of the clouds the snow or the hail whirls cold beneath the blast of the north wind born in the bright air, so rapidly in her eagerness winged Iris, the swift one, and stood beside the famed shaker of the earth and spoke to him : ‘I have a certain message for you, dark-haired, earth-encircler, and came here to bring it to you from Zeus of the aegis. There Iris entered, brushing the Somnia (Dreams) [Oneiro] aside, and the bright sudden radiance of her robe lit up the hallowed place; slowly the god his heavy eyelids raised, and sinking back time after time, his languid drooping head nodding upon his chest, at last he shook himself out of himself, and leaning up he recognized her and asked why she came, and she replied : ‘Somnus [Hypnos], quietest of the gods, Somnus, peace of all the world, balm of the soul, who drives care away, who gives ease to weary limbs after the hard day's toil and strength renewed to meet the morrow's tasks, bid now thy Somnia (Dreams), whose perfect mimicry matches the truth, in Ceyx's likeness formed appear in Trachis to Alcyone and feign the shipwreck and her dear love drowned. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) Eleusis, and there finding dark-cloaked Demeter in her temple spake to her and uttered winged words : ‘Demeter, father Zeus, whose wisdom is everlasting, calls you to come join the tribes of the eternal gods: come therefore, and let not the message I bring from Zeus pass unobeyed.’ Thus said Iris imploring her. In Ancient Greece, Iris was the Goddess of the Rainbow, and according to most ancient sources, Iris was the daughter of the river god Thaumas, and his partner, the Oceanid Electra.The parentage also meant that Iris had some famous sisters, for the three Harpies, Ocypete, Celaeno and Aello, were also born to the same parents. Iris, goldenwing bride of plantnourishing Zephyros, happy mother of Eros (Love) [i.e. [1.3] THAUMAS & OZOMENE (Hyginus Fabulae 14), [1.1] POTHOS (by Zephryos) (Alcaeus Frag 257; Eustathius on Homer 555, Nonnus Dionysiaca 47.340). You shall be called beloved wife of the man who wins you.’ Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : ☆ Iris » She is the Greek - Roman Messenger Goddess who forms the Rainbow Bridge between Heaven and Earth. the eros Pothos]. ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 4. Iris is often described acting as the intermediary between Hera and Hypnos. "[Hera] kept watch within the sky, angered in her heart greatly and beyond telling, and she prevented Leto who was holden in the pangs of child-birth. And to Aiolia (Aeolia) came she, isle of caves, of echoing dungeons of mad-raging winds with rugged ribs of mountain overarched, whereby the mansion stands of Aiolos Hippotas' son. She observes the vast assembly, and then, scanning the shore, sees the deserted harbour, the ships left unattended. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : [1.2] THAUMAS (Plato Theatetus 155d, Callimachus Hymn 5, Ptolemy Hephaestion 6, Ovid Met. She came near to Hypnos, weaving guile; and in his mother’s guise uttered her deceitful speech in cajoling whispers . She also has a crush on the godboy of the west wind, Zephyrus.Iris can additionally create rainbow slides down to the Underworld. Her name combined the Greek words for “messenger” and “the rainbow” to signify her dual role. "Iris [sent by Juno-Hera] is bidden cherish the dead bodies [of the Argives who died at Thebes forbidden burial by Kreon (Creon)] of the princes, and laves their decaying limbs with mysterious dews and ambrosial juices, that they may resist the longer and await the pure, nor perish before the flames have seized them. Iris : I am immortal. . Iris obeyed and gliding down to earth along her many-coloured bow addressed Hersilie in the words prescribed; and she in awe and reverence would hardly raise her eyes. 786 ff (trans. ", Homer, Iliad 11. But I myself will undertake an oath that never again shall they come near to Phineus.’ Day-Lewis) (Roman epic C1st B.C.) 829 ff : So she spake and seated her beside the golden throne, even as a hunting hound of Artemis, which, when it hath ceased from the swift chase, sitteth by her feet, and its ears are erect, ever ready to receive the call of the goddess. Iris of the swift feet stood beside her and spoke to her : ‘Come with me, dear girl, to behold the marvellous things done by Trojans, breaker of horses, and bronze-armoured Akhaians (Achaeans), who just now carried sorrowful war against each other, in the plain, and all their desire was for deadly fighting; now they are all seated in silence, the fighting has ended; they lean on their shields, the tall spears stuck in the ground beside them. 20 (trans. . Isis was a goddess of the religious beliefs of ancient Egypt, whose worship spread throughout the Greco-Roman world. : Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 14. The union of the rainbow and west wind symbolised the variegated brilliance of passion. . . The hearts of the great can be changed. Speed away on your light wings and ask Thetis to come here to me out of the salt sea depths. She was a friend of slaves, sinners, artisans, the oppressed, who also listened to the prayers of the rich, the maidens, the aristocrats and the rulers. I need not tell you that one lovesick will do anything for hope.’ Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Homer, Iliad 24. "He [Jupiter-Zeus] moved by the goddesses' [Diana-Artemis and Latona-Leto's] tears and Phoebus' [Apollon's] high renown sends down swift Iris on her rosy cloud [to give Herakles permission to release Prometheus from his bonds]. Hektor (Hector), on you beyond all I urge this, to do as I tell you: all about the great city of Priamos are many companions,but multitudinous is the speech of the scattered nations: let each man who is their leader give orders to these men, and let each set his citizens in order, and lead them.’ 270 ff (trans. . 702 ff : Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 7. Iris, in Greek mythology, the personification of the rainbow and (in Homer’s Iliad, for example) a messenger of the gods. . 6 ff (trans. . She is part of the Spiral Dance Collection which portrays the goddesses as a mix of human features and expressions of energy, which flow out from their hands and feet as spirals. Obedient to command, the bright goddess leaves the pole and wings her way down her long arc to earth [to the halls of Somnus-Hypnos the god of sleep] . . The goddess made no delay. Iris forthwith seeks out the Minyae [Argonauts], and Cytherea [Aphrodite] the Colchian maid [Medea] [to arrange their destined meeting and love] . ", Stasinus of Cyprus or Hegesias of Aegina, Cypria Fragment 1 (from Proclus, Chrestomanthia) (trans. . Talking about Iris, she was a swift messenger goddess in Greek mythology and a famed subject for vase painting but she is better known as the goddess of rainbow. And if the Arcus (the Rainbow) [Iris] is a divinity, what will you do about the Nubes (Clouds) [Nephelai])? 1.1.2. .’ ", Homer, Iliad 5. But what do all these insults mean? She was loyal to Hera. The son of Kronos (Cronus) will not let you stand by the Argives. The goddess Iris I have the Mythic tarot deck and today I drew Temperance which is represented by the greek goddess Iris in the deck. Many Greeks viewed Iris as an important link between mortals and the realm of the gods. Campbell, Vol. "Iris, in her thousand hues enrobed traced through the sky her arching bow . Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C7th - 4th B.C.) Pisthetairos : Won't you get out of here quickly? Then in turn swift wind-footed Iris answered him : ‘Am I them to carry, o dark-haired earth encircler, this word, which is strong and steep, back to Zeus from you? She could travel very quickly from Mount Olympus to Earth, and could even journey quickly into Hades. Swift foot Iris spoke to him thus and went away from him. . 189 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) . (Hera carries associations with the sky.). ]’ Isis is part of the Ennead of Heliopolis, a family of nine deities descended from the creator god, Atum or Ra. to C1st A.D.) : "Hera sent down Iris from heaven to the fiery [the Italian king] Turnus . After that, go to the seacoast where the bronze anvils of Hephaistos (Hephaestus) are pounded by his mighty hammers, and tell him to let his bellows sleep till Argo has passed by. . Her genealogy too supports the opinion that Iris was originally the personification of the rainbow. 60 ff (trans. She assumed a false pretended shape of Ares, and borrowed a face like his. She threw off her embroidered saffron robes, and put on her head a helmet with nodding plume, donned a delusive corselet, as the mother of battle, a corselet stained with blood, and sent froth from her grim countenance, like a man, battlestirring menaces, all delusion. In Greek mythology, Iris is the personification and goddess of the rainbow and messenger of the gods. And she had two look-outs to keep watch upon the earth. No statues of Iris have been preserved, but we find her frequently represented on vases and in bas-reliefs, either standing and dressed in a long and wide tunic, over which hangs a light upper garment, with wings attached to her shoulders, and carrying the herald's staff in her left hand; or she appears flying with wings attached to her shoulders and sandals, with the staff and a pitcher in her hands. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : Ovid, Metamorphoses 14. There they sat and threatened all the cities which Leto approached and prevented them from receiving her . and they bade Iris call her aside from white-armed Hera, lest she might afterwards turn her from coming with her words. "[Zeus addresses Hera on Mt Ida when he spies Poseidon on the battlefield of Troy in defiance of his edicts :] ‘Go now among the generation of gods, and summon Iris to come here to me . 1.1. Noisless her step she stayed, in silence voiceless pressed her lips, a slave before the forest queen. Iris : Of which? Iris : Are there others then? Ovid, Metamorphoses 14. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Pisthetairos : Of which gods are you speaking? . She is regarded as the messenger of the gods to humankind, and particularly of the goddess Hera whose orders she brought to humans. But change your shape, take the ugly form of Hypnos' mother the blackgirdled goddess Nyx (Night); take a false name and become darkness . : Cicero, De Natura Deorum 3. . Fast flies the goddess and bids the hero quickly perform his sire's commands, and pours the glad message into his eager ears. 115 ff : Homeric Hymn 2 to Demeter 315 ff (trans. Pisthetairo s: Paralos or Salaminia? . Pearse) (Greek mythographer C1st to C2nd A.D.) : 2 ff : 340 ff : 142 ff : 1. Iris was a swift messenger goddess in Greek mythology and a popular subject for vase painting, but better known as the goddess of the rainbow because Hermes (Mercury) is known as the messenger god. not a beat of your wing! 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